Joost de Jonge
"The progression of a painter’s work, as it travels in time from point to point, will be toward clarity: toward the elimination of all obstacles between the painter and the idea, and between the idea and the observer." | Mark Rothko
Dutch painter Joost de Jonge explores the enigma of the ‘Infinite’ and expresses its metaphysical and philosophical manifestations through abstract works founded upon complex color theories and oppositions in textures and materials. “It’s my aim to express always above all, one essential thing – truthfulness/redemption/love/infinity – but this never without great enjoyment of my skill, stretching the material to the limits of its possibilities,” de Jonge explains.
De Jonge’s sophisticated use of line and modulation of color impress upon the viewer a sense of depth and varied expressions of space. His highly-developed exploration of color, in particular, bears witness to the strong conceptual and metaphysical undercurrents in each piece: “These colors do not refer to any concrete reality or experience that is outside the color itself. The color contains its own base; is its own axiom. I like to grant the color a true life of its own,” de Jonge has written.
Joost de Jonge was recently featured in the Bill Lowe Gallery’s April 2007 exhibition in Santa Monica, in addition to exhibiting at the Lowe Gallery’s Atlanta space. He also has exhibited in Italy’s most prestigious art fairs through Galleria Studio Legale. De Jonge studied painting at The Royal Academy of Art in The Hague, Facultat del Bellas Artes in Barcelona, and the School of Art in Utrecht, The Netherlands.
My work is determined by a colourful light-footed use of abstraction, which is based on a play in colour and material opposition.
The line in my work is to be seen as an adjoining element, which emphasises the area’s it crosses and is to me most interesting when it reveals an ambiguity in either being a line or a plane. The line can also be standing out on it’s own and in this way refer to it’s characteristics, in being a trace or a display of continuity.
The play with the texture and volume of the coat of paint is also one of the ways in which I relate to the metaphysical aspects of my painting. I vary a transparent picture plane with a more saturated, or a more saturated with a bulky with sand and chalk added picture plane. In the transparent planes I find the shimmering of an endless void, in the more saturated a silence and in the bulky the concrete material presence accentuated.
For the work as a whole the conclusiveness of the composition is determining, the use of the different textures and colours and is directed to evoke a sense of an unconscious infinity.
As for the future development of my work, I‘m compelled to have Mark Rothko’s statement on the progression of a painters work apply to mine:
”The progression of a painter’s work, as it travels in time from point to point, will be toward clarity: toward the elimination of all obstacles between the painter and the idea, and between the idea and the observer.”
DE JONGE ON ART
The Initial Spark
I always start working with small sketches, sometimes on small pieces of paper that were left over from a previous work. Usually I just start looking for formal relations, intuitively, almost as with ‘écrire automatique’, which the surrealists applied (Masson/Tanguy and others); just reaching within myself as I move my pencil. Do I find something substantial? If I do, I'll work with these forms and repeat the pattern; adjusting it over and over until I find the drawing/composition that fits and matches the initial spark. It really is about this spark; the spark that remains a mystery; without this spark there's no art. The inspiration determines the start of the work and the meaning of the lines/composition. The inspiration is all-determining. The execution of the work strives to maintain this original initial spark; to enlarge it and to make it understandable to the viewer.
I like to see a colour as an abstract quantity. You cannot imagine the end of a colour when you say red, for instance. Think of this impossibility to define the quantity of a colour, as you experience it in your mind; then combine this with a specific tone of colour and you've got my idea of the quality of colour. For me it is so that I sometimes close my eyes and experience an overwhelming flux of colours; for example when listening to music I can experience the vision of numerous different colours flowing freely. Each of these colours has a very specific value of recognition in my memory and actual experience. These colours do not refer to any concrete reality or experience that is outside the colour itself. The colour contains its own base; is its own axiom. I like to grant the colour a true life of its own. Imagine the light of a star coming to you. You can still see this light, even though it has travelled over a million light years. But the star sending it to you has already vanished; there's only the light. So I see colours in my mind that shine like the colours of that star.
Thoughts on the Progression of My Work
My work is developing into increasingly complex and layered expression of meanings. I am gaining more and more insight in composition; in the interplay of form and its effect on the spectator as well as in the psychology of perceiving images.
Also the depth of my spirit and understanding of, for example, what heaven could be and what my experience of God is, religion & the Self, is expanding; these acquisitions of knowledge are mixed with experience and artistic growth. It's my aim now to always express, above all, essentials like: truthfulness/redemption/love/infinity; but this never without great enjoyment of my skill and stretching the material to the limits of its possibilities.
I really don’t want to fear being too elaborated, or to be including too many subjects. I have a lot of interests and am fascinated by almost every aspect of painting and am happy to research all I can in the medium of my choice. Of course I've set clear boundaries, [I’m an abstract painter] for I want to attain a result that has a consistency and the possibility of meaning something on the modern art scene; the art of this era. I feel that one of my greatest powers to mean something in modern art is emphasizing the individuality of colour of a shade of colour as individual and stressing the abstract value of this colour; the endlessness of its existence in the frame of spiritual awareness; of the human imaginative faculty.
Artists I Admire
I truly admire Cezanne, van Gogh, Gaugain, Seurat, Odilon Redon, Mondrian, De Kooning, Pollock, David Shapiro, David Reed, David Hockney, Chardin, Macke, Kandinsky, Klee, Delaunay, Picasso, Tapies, Rembrandt, Vermeer, Botero, Morandi, Enzo Cucchi, Mark Rothko, Giacometti, Soll Lewit and many others, for very specific and differing reasons.
Odilon Redon has enchanted me and captured my attention for the arts; I was nine years old when I saw a picture of his (the cyclops) in The Kröller-Müller museum, the Netherlands, that touched me inside and made me aware of my soul. It was a moment where time and space were limitless. It made me decide that I wanted to be an artist. It gave me an idea what was to be the topic of the artist; the topic was the reference to his soul and to make others recognise their soul in themselves. In painting, part of the artist's topic for me is also to express the great pleasure and longing the reference to my soul and a more universal awareness of 'The Soul' brings me.
BORN | 1975 Born in Utrecht, The Netherlands
1999-2002 BFA with Honours, School of the Arts Utrecht
2000-2001 Facultat del Bellas Artes, Universitat de Barcelona
Galleria Studio Legale, "Oil On Canvas, large paintings: De Jonge Manzi Mendoza Modesti Pisanelli Saiu Salvino", Italy.
Art Palm Beach, Mark Gallery, Florida
Bill Lowe Gallery, January, Atlanta, USA (group).
“Youth & Maturity”, 29th of October-15th-January 2012, Stedelijk Museum Vianen; Utrecht, The Netherlands (solo).
"ACTION ABSTRACTION", September 15-November 3rd, Mark Gallery, Englewood,NJ,USA (group)
“Color Vision”, 18 February -2nd of April, Mark Gallery, Englewood, New Jersey, USA (group).
Espacio Atlántico, AM-gallery, art fair, Vigo, Spain, (group).
Open Art Fair, Galerie Fondation Vromans, Utrecht
Grand Opening, Bill Lowe Gallery, Atlanta, GA
"Volute Fantasy" Galerie Fondation Vromans, Utrecht
"Fases de Iluminación" Ana Mercader Gallery, Roquetas de Mar/Almeria/España
Affordable Art Fair, Autumn collection, London, James Kinmont
Summer Group Show, Bill Lowe Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Art London, presented by James Kinmont Fine Art Ltd.
Open Art Fair, Galerie Fondation Vromans
"Building," Utrecht Galerie/Fondation Vromans
The Lowe Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
Groupshow at Galerie Vromans, The Netherlands.
Art London with James Kinmont Fine Art Ltd.
Affordable Art Fair London, with James Kinmont Fine Art Ltd.
Affordable Art Fair Amsterdam, with James Kinmont Fine Art Ltd.
Miart, Galleria Studio Legale, Milan,Italy.
Arte Fiera Bologna, Galleria Studio Legale, Bologna,Italy.
Arttissima 13, Galleria Studio Legale, Turin, Italy.
Art Verona, Galleria Studio Legale, Verona, Italy.
Presentation adjoining Dale Chihuly, The Lowe Gallery, Atlanta, USA
MiArt 2006, Galleria Studio Legale, Milan, Italy
The Same Origin, Gallery Krijger+Katwijk, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
20:15, Gallery of Galleria Studio Legale, Caserta, Italy
Willem Kerseboom Fine Arts (artfair autotron ), Rosmalen, The Netherlands
Gallery of Art Agency Rijbroeck, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Gallery of Art Agency Rijbroeck, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Art Solidari Contra la Sida, “La Casa Elizalde” Barcelona, Spain
Galerie Reflex, Amsterdam
Multiple shows within the artscene of Utrecht (Atelier F.M. v/d Ley, Bij den Dom)
2009 La voz de Almeria/Almeria
2008 Leeuwarder Courant/omroep Friesland
2006 Tableau/BLVD/Elegance/Het Parool/Amsterdam weekly
IN THE REALM OF THE EKPHRASTIC: JOOST DE JONGE’S RECENT PAINTING
by Peter Frank
Over the past couple of years, the painting of Joost de Jonge has undergone a relatively steep evolution. Such moments of pronounced transition are not unusual for any artist, much less a still-young one; and to be sure, it has not resulted in the abandonment of the signature style – the vivid colors and sharply described, voluptuous forms – with which de Jonge has already established his international reputation. But he organizes his paintings and drawings differently than before, because he is thinking about them differently. The words of philosophers and poets preoccupy him no less than before, and the attachment he feels to the sweep of art history – especially to modernist concepts and languages – is, if anything, heightened. But other concerns, related to but distinct from these prior factors, now motivate de Jonge as well. The present moment thus marks a pivotal development in de Jonge’s oeuvre, one that does not simply focus his art – seemingly spontaneous in origin and expression – outside itself, but focuses it on a purpose outside itself, on an identity with specific modes of human endeavor. While long motivated by extra-visual sources, de Jonge’s current touchstone is the discipline of music.
Sound – or, as Edgard Varèse described music, “organized sound” – is at least as far removed technically and experientially from optically based art as is literature, and arguably further: while verbal expression can occur with visual sensation, on the page and in performative presentation, the common forms of musical expression resist visual accompaniment, or at least maintain an experiential distinction, if not distance. Music and visual art combine in manifestations as various as grand opera and rock concerts, of course, but it is rare for the visual and the sonic to conflate outside the realm of what can be described overall as multimedia spectacle. Sono-visual intermedia, for all the attempts to realize such a seamless fusion especially over the last century and a half, remains essentially in the realm of experiment. We do not, perhaps even cannot, presume sono-visual intermedia as we do, say, sono-verbal or choreo-visual intermedia. This may soon change: with all the electronic means we now have at our disposal for formalizing and fixing intermedial realms, the aesthetic and social impulses that drove the inventiveness and commitment of such heroic sono-visualists as Alexander Scriabin, Wassily Kandinsky, Oskar Fischinger, and Iannis Xenakis can likely be put in the hands of those who will come to take it for granted. But it hasn’t happened yet; and during this period of extended transition from the analog to the digital world, multiple alternate possibilities, and alternate realms of possibility, present themselves.
Joost de Jonge’s recent work presents one such possibility – a relatively simple one, conceptually, but, perhaps for that very simplicity, a persuasive one available to the comprehension as well as delight of a broad audience. He paints in reaction to music – in reaction both to the condition of music and to specific musical compositions. With regard to the general “condition of music,” de Jonge takes into account Walter Pater’s observation that “all the arts aspire to the condition of music,” that is, a condition of direct affect unmodulated by meaning or re-presentation. Music, as Pater knew, does not need to inform us to move us; like smell, sound reaches our sensibilities without depending on an appeal to our understanding. Following the model of those who invented abstract visual art (themselves seeking to manifest the aspiration Pater described), de Jonge “embodies” music in non-referential (if unavoidably suggestive) forms, colors, and compositions. With regard to specific musical compositions, de Jonge gives shape and tone to visual equivalencies, embodiments of particular musical works – particular organizations of sound, as Varèse would have it – in the form of optical structures.
In this latter practice – but also in that of manifesting in general a “music for the eyes” – de Jonge is exploring a realm of cross-artistic expression with which we are very familiar, but into the complexities of which we rarely delve. The evocation of musical experience is a common trope in modernist visual-art practice. Until now, however, insufficient distinction has been made among the kinds of approach artists have taken to such practice. In the wake of graphic scores and conceptual art, for instance, notation has become a fully integral realm of visual representation. Synesthesia, on the other hand – the activation of perception in one sense by stimulation of another – has motivated artists (and composers) since at least the late 19th century – as has the exploration of the Gesamtkunstwerk, the kind of pan-artistic spectacle first proposed popularly (if incompletely) in the later operas of Richard Wagner. Ekphrasis also dates back almost a century and a half, embodied in musical works such as Modest Mussorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition and Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Isle of the Dead. But synesthesia, Gesamtkunstwerk, and ekphrasis are distinct art-music interfunctions, none more significant than any other, but fundamentally different from one another. Indeed, synesthesia is, if anything, a psycho-physiological disorder, an atavistic and involuntary circumstance independent of any artistic discipline. The Gesamtkunstwerk, on the other hand, is an entirely cultural formulation, predicating as it does the coordinated layering of discrete artistic disciplines into a conceptually – but not experientially – unified spectacle. Ekphrasis is also a cultural formulation; but, in contrast to the Gesamtkunstwerk – or, for that matter, the notational artwork – seeks equivalencies: the reconfiguration of one artistic discipline, and often of one work in a particular discipline, into the conditions of another.
Joost de Jonge, then, has chosen consciously to explore the possibilities of ekphrasis in and with his work. De Jonge has gravitated to music since childhood. (He speaks of not being given the piano lessons he desired and turning – out of frustration, he infers – to painting and drawing.) It is as much a part of his cultural background as the writing, philosophical and poetical, that inspires him; but it seems to be even closer to his core, engaging him not just intellectually or aesthetically, but viscerally. Perhaps there is a musician at the heart of every abstract painter; but de Jonge’s whole aesthetic, dependent as it is on dramatic contrasts, exquisite balances, and – in the newer work especially – the orchestration of forms, masses, and shapely and coloristic incidents, would present itself emphatically as musical.
De Jonge did not take up abstraction, at least consciously, to “get closer” to music; he was arguably already close by default. The kind of visionary figuration he was practicing as an emerging artist in fact descends directly from the symbolism of Arnold Böcklin and other fin-de-siècle artists whose practices set the stage for the music-art interface in which de Jonge now works. Furthermore, as he has revealed, there is more than a trace of synesthetic response in his method. (“The color I see in the work,” de Jonge has written, “does not correspond with how I experience it. In my mind I can clearly feel a color that corresponds to the identity of the work; I then mix the color and this corresponds to what I fe[el] should instantly fuse with the colors and forms of the work at hand. In this way it is always a give and take [between] the visual and invisible, [between] the mat[erial] and the spiritual, a continuous dialogue between content and form, though here the direction is from content to form.”) But, having adopted a fluid geometric style, de Jonge has come to realize – to see and feel – that he is bringing forth, unadorned, his inner musicality. He is not simply attracting the “metaphor” of music, he is giving music concrete form.
De Jonge is careful not to attribute specific paintings, or even drawings, to specific musical works. His ekphrasis is not a point-to-point “translation” of organized sound to organized image; he is only too aware of the vagaries involved such translation, even when essayed by masters such as Vasily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. They, after all, were not attempting to “record” a sonic phenomenon as a picture, but interpret first and foremost the experience of music – of the organization as much as of the sound, and of the transcendent quality that the sound takes on when so organized. Klee may have attributed a particular watercolor to a Mozart aria; Kandinsky may have taken inspiration – induced as much by his own synesthesia as by anything else – from Schoenberg’s Second String Quartet; but in both cases the artists, deeply conversant in musical as well as visual art, were giving body to their emotional and physical responses to music. Taking his own inspiration from a vast repertoire of organized sounds (and favored, of course, with access to such a repertoire, never available to Kandinsky or Klee, through recordings and broadcasts), de Jonge fashions his own ekphrastic paintings and drawings as responses to musical language, musical sensations, musical vision. He does not paint a Bachian structure or a Debussyesque fantasy; but his structures and fantasies conjure Bach and Debussy at once – perhaps the one a little more here, the other more there, and then, in this third canvas, the darker colors and more muscular forms could suggest Beethoven or Mahler or Bartok.
If anything, de Jonge is composing himself, painting musically rather than painting after music, capturing ekphrastically no one symphony or sonata or song, but Pater’s “condition of music.” Sometimes the painter choreographs abstract figures rampant on contrasting grounds – the figures themselves responsive to a music we “hear” only through their contortions. Sometimes he organizes his forms in several parallel bands across the picture, almost emulating the basic form of the musical score (although, if anything, parodying any notion of notation). Sometimes de Jonge infers the presence of time, the defining element even of non-teleological music; other times, he deposits our eyes in a sustained moment, as if opening up for our benefit a particular chord. But he is always thinking musically, as his writing and thinking indicate. (“The [work embodies a] longing for clarity as a conscious and unconscious desire of the mind and soul, to grasp the everlasting peacefulness and harmony that could be considered the birthplace of multitude. The rhythmic multiplicity that gravitates towards stand-still, but with the slightest change of angle, reveals its constant flux…”)
This approach, of course, is nothing if not neo-modernist. As mentioned, the entire endeavor to align music and art (as well as other artistic disciplines) to the point of fusion is a hallmark of the modernist era in the arts, intensely investigated, even invented, in early modernism, codified in high modernism, and theorized (as happenings, intermedia, conceptual art, etc.) in late modernism. Its re-emergence now in the work of a neo-modern synthesist like de Jonge, someone who finds his own vision best expressed in a revivified language and spirit, comes perhaps as no surprise, but comes definitely as a refreshing affirmation of constructive principles and ideals.
Indeed, what is most persuasive about de Jonge’s current body of work is not its relation to music, but how its musicality supports its broader spiritual thrust. These paintings and drawings further his commitment to a tone – not just the appearance, but the almost irresistible sensation – of what can only be described as an ordered exuberance, the rational ordering of charming elements into delightful compositions whose surprises and intricacies, despite their apparent simplicity, refuse to reveal themselves quickly. De Jonge’s formal language shares a great deal with cartoon animation in its wit, verve and vivacity, its brightness and crispness, its suppleness and quick transitions; his drawings, in particular, are filled with mischief. But clearly, the inferred temporal structure these works reside in is not the narrative arch of commercial animation, but the fixed present, the continuous state of becoming, that defines the abstract animation of modernism’s experimental filmmakers – and that, ultimately, is the province of music.
“It is for me also a given,” Joost de Jonge has written, “that I experience a band of color as space or as a river of movement… so above all the power of associations, to which Bachelard so incredibly awakens the mind’s sensitivity.” Here citing the influential French perceptualist Gaston Bachelard, whose “poetics of space” crystallized Pater’s condition of music into the visualized lyricism of an earlier avant garde, de Jonge not only declares his affinity with his abstract forebears and their extra-visual aspirations, but exposes the intensity of trans-optical experience that he seeks to capture in his art, as they did in theirs. More than music alone, de Jonge’s ekphrastic effort is a wide and hungry – but not at all indiscriminate – embrace of sensation itself.
- Los Angeles, November 2010
JOOST DE JONGE: NEO-MODERN SYNTHESIS
by Peter Frank
The paintings of Joost de Jonge – bright, rhythmic, voluptuous – seem at first glance high-spirited, easily devised, and readily comprehended. Their actual complexity hides behind their immediate appeal. Determined in fact through relatively elaborate reasoning, the paintings are driven by deeply felt philosophical perception, aesthetic consideration, and art-historical consciousness.
De Jonge’s palette, for one thing, may superficially look designed to elicit a childlike joy and excitement. But the color values, their combinations, and their disposition through each canvas render them, on repeated inspection, increasingly harsh and even menacing. Their chromas tend not simply to the sweet, but to the acidic, and the recurrence of colors seems at once random and relentless, as if de Jonge were setting up, then thwarting, a basic decorative pattern. As much as de Jonge’s extravagant curves and exaggerated figure-ground relationships initially delight the eye and perhaps even move the body, they ultimately insinuate a dissonant overtone into our visual consciousness.
This dissonance, abetted by de Jonge’s similarly rich, creamy, almost turgid painterliness, is as deliberate as is his superficial optical appeal: it is a constructive dissonance rather than a critical one, created for the sake not of provocation but of comprehension. De Jonge wishes to expand our visual vocabulary with such dissonance, to make us recognize its integrity, even its centrality, within the consonance of our quotidian apprehension. What bothers us about de Jonge’s painting is what benefits us; what attracts us to de Jonge’s painting is what brings us to what bothers us.
This subversive play of opposites comprises the kind of dialectical relationship that characterized modernist pictorial discourse – indeed, on which that discourse was in large part founded. De Jonge subscribes to the modernist impulse, to its construct of the world and the necessity of art within that world. The “modernist impulse,” supplanted by post-modernism at least a third of a century ago, hardly seems timely. In fact, the re-examination of that impulse in the wake of post-modernism’s apotheosis and subsequent exhaustion – and in the wake as well of the profound effect the computer universe has had on the entire fabric of our lives – has brought about a neo-modernist response, one which does not so much reassert the ideals of modernism as simply rekindle its idealism. De Jonge’s paintings in effect embody, perhaps symbolize, that idealism, bespeaking a sense that the forces of our world standing in polar opposition can in fact be reconciled.
The concurrence of optical delight and rational order in de Jonge’s painting manifests the resolution of a powerful dialectic, one with which modernism itself struggled valiantly. Evident as far back as ancient Greek discourse, the urge to synthesize the twinned human tendencies to impulse and reason has foundered constantly on the propensity of each tendency to demand primacy over the other. Modernism’s overriding agon, in fact, can be regarded as this argument – between cubism and expressionism, constructivism and surrealism, minimalism and pop art, and so forth, polarized tendencies that capture the extremes of a Zeitgeist. In fact, the “third stream” of modernism, from futurism and dada through fluxus and conceptualism, does propose (however awkwardly or incidentally) a synthesis of the Dionysian and Apollonian modalities – and it is this urge toward synthesis that impels neo-modernist investigation.
In de Jonge’s case, we can see – and feel – a conflation of sensuality and cerebrality, passion and logic sourced in modernist attitudes specific to (among other things) Dutch artistic practice. It may seem anachronistic in a trans-national age to identify de Jonge as “Dutch;” but if we can now define local styles as the result of taste and proximity rather than any sort of genetic predisposition – that is, as the result of environment rather than heredity – we can readily see how de Jonge’s sharp-edged but voluptuous forms and hotly hued but coolly chroma’d colors reflect equally the models of, for instance, de Stijl and CoBrA.
Significantly, de Jonge professes to have been influenced by the musical theory of Arnold Schoenberg (especially, but not solely, with regard to color relationships), and by the tendency of twentieth-century music in general to harness the passionate and the reasoned to one another. In his neo-modernist quest for dialectical resolution, the painter is by his own admission indebted to models of sonic and temporal expression as he is to static visual form. The notational procedure that informs de Jonge’s compositional method – rendering his preparatory drawings conceptually engaging in their own right – not only follows classic painterly procedure, but mirrors the task that befalls instrumentalists when they perform a composer’s score: they must adhere to described parameters and at the same time must inflect their performance with heartfelt interpretation.
Given de Jonge’s urge to synthesis, many artists, modern and earlier, have influenced his development to this point – especially considering that it was not that long ago he was practicing a visionary kind of figuration, one that relied on exacting technique to render unstable, dreamlike scenarios. Access to various philosophies and theologies (beginning with exposure to the Sufism his grandfather practiced) has also informed the painter’s attitudes and practice. And profound cultural and natural revelations, such as his exposure in depth to the work of Miro and Picasso and to the Iberian light and soil which shaped them, figure prominently in de Jonge’s evolution from the post-modernist dysphoria of his figural work to the neo-modernist play of his abstraction.
Many contemporary artists, it is true, can claim similarly broad access to exotic sources and disparate phenomena; our rapidly shrinking world now puts its manifold gifts in our hands almost without effort. But de Jonge does not take these gifts for granted. He uses them to spur his own investigations and production, almost as if impelled by a sense of responsibility to the peoples of the earth whom he now finds so close at hand. If our globe has diminished to the point where we find ourselves next door to everyone else, we need to resolve fundamental differences and enter into a spirit of “serious play” with our fellow humans (as, indeed, with our entire environment). The dialectic between the creative and destructive, the rational and the uncanny, the considered and the impulsive, must come not simply to equilibrium, but to union – and in as delightful a manner as possible. Joost de Jonge’s art models this union, in this manner.
-Los Angeles June 2009